Friday, September 25, 2009


Sergius Orata was the first to lay down oysters-bed in the Bay of Baiae, at the time of the orator Lucius Cassus, before the Marsian War. His reason was not gluttony but monetary greeds.[...]
Those of the Lucrine lake were farmed, or at least encouraged, and supplied the demand for fine seafood at the Roman holiday resort of Baiae. Pliny notes that the best were found to be Brundisian oysters transported across the Apennines (at what must have been a high cost) and fattened in the Lucrine lake.


In histories of women as in histories of medicine, readers often find a passing reference to a mysterious person called Trotula of Salerno.
‘‘Trotula,’’ for whom no substantive historical evidence has ever been brought forth, is said by some to have lived in the eleventh or twelfth century and is alleged to have written the most important book on women’s medicine in medieval Europe, On the Diseases of Women (De passionibus mulierum).
She is also alleged to have been the first female professor of medicine, teaching in the southern Italian town of Salerno, which was at that time the most important center of medical learning in Europe. Other sources, however, assert that ‘‘Trotula’’ did not exist and that the work attributed to her was written by a man.


Initially the contests took place in the forums or "piazzas" of the city (Suetonius Caesar 39, Tiberius 7). Later, the greater frequency and length of the games led to the construction of special buildings large enough to hold hunts and fights simultaneously. Thus the amphitheater was created.
This type of building appears to have been invented in Campania. Indeed, the oldest amphitheaters that we know of are in this region, such as the one at Pompeii. Rome was one of the last cities in the Empire to fit up its own amphitheater. Until then, the contests in the capital were held in wooden buildings that were dismantled after each spectacle.
The first permanent amphitheater in Rome was built under Augustus, by Caius Statilius Taurus in the Campus Martius (Dio Cassius 51.23.1). After this structure was destroyed in the fire of A.D. 64, Vespasian planned the construction of the Colosseum, which was ultimately inaugurated by Titus in A.D. 80.