Friday, July 26, 2013

EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS

First up was the tree's Aboriginal history. The Kaurna people, original inhabitants of the Adelaide Plains, called it Karra or more fully, Karrawirraparri (literally 'redgum-forest-river'). The tree was central to their lives as source of food and shelter, and supplier of timber for shields and other implements. 
Ironically the tree's botanical name, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, originated in 1832, when a botanist admired and named a single specimen grown by monks outside Naples. The eucalyptus was already spreading in 1832.
Frederick Dehnhardt was chief gardener of L' Hortus Camalduensis di Napoli, also known as the Camaldoli gardens, a private garden owned by the Count of Camaldoli, near Naples, Italy. Here, Dehnardt grew, and named, the type specimen of the River Red Gum, Eucalyptus camalduensis in 1832. His botanical specimens are housed in the Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Friday, July 5, 2013

GESTURE IN NAPLES

Andrea de Jorio, Canon of the Cathedral of Naples and an expert on Greek antiquities, noticed that the gestures represented on ancient Greek vases appeared to be the very ones executed with such vigor and panache by his fellow citizens. He therefore undertook what would be the first ethnographic study of gestures in everyday life in order to defend Neapolitans, and by extension Southern Europeans, against imputations of primitivism, vulgarity, and emotional extravagance by connecting their gestural practices to classical antiquity. 
Gestures in ancient Greek art and writing, he thought, could be interpreted through contemporary gestures. By the same token, these Neapolitan gestures could be ennobled by attribution to classical sources.
Adam Kendon, a contemporary gesture theorist and editor as well as translator of the present work, speculates that Naples may have been uniquely positioned to preserve and elaborate the Greek gestural practices to which it is heir. 
Originally founded as a Greek city state, Naples became and remained for centuries thereafter a crowded, densely built urban center. Because of its mild climate, interior spaces were only partially bounded and Neapolitans, as one eighteenth-century observer noted, lived most of their life in the streets. The possibility of maintaining visual forms of communication over the ambient noise, using gestures as a private or partially concealed channel in contrast to broadcast speech, or producing gestural counters to or commentaries on their own or other's conversations, led Neapolitans to cultivate gestural communication with gusto.