The only thing we can be certain of is that Peter of Eboli (in the Campania region, at the time part of the Kingdom of Naples) was a monk, who, under Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Sicily, reached the status of court poet.
Peter of Eboli possessed a certain medical knowledge, probably acquired in Salerno, home of the prestigious Schola Medica Salernitana, the world’s most noted medical university and, accordingly, Western Europe’s most influential source of medical expertise at that time.
The De Balneis Puteolanis was written before 1197. It describes the thermal baths of the Phlegraean fields, on the Tyrrhenian shore between Naples and Baia. The poem includes 35 epigrams inspired by inscriptions written on ancient stone carvings. Over its six couplets, it celebrates the therapeutic virtues of 35 baths, together with the illnesses they were believed to cure.




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